International human rights standards guarantee everyone the right of access to health and well-being and, in this sense, instruct governments to adopt measures that prevent / prevent threats to public health. Likewise, they recognize that in contexts of serious threats to public health and the lives of citizens, restrictions are justified on some fundamental rights based on legality and circumscribed to what is strictly necessary, based on scientific evidence and not arbitrarily or discriminatoryly applied, of limited duration, always respecting the dignity of the human person.
On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the viral disease epidemic COVID-19, originally identified in December 2019 in China’s Wuhan province, had reached the level of a global pandemic. The alarming levels of contagion have also led WHO to call on governments to take urgent measures and to stem the spread of the virus.
The escalation of the COVID-19 pandemic has justified restrictions on certain fundamental rights, with the imposition of quarantine or isolation, limiting the free movement of people, goods and goods, among others.