The COVID-19 pandemic exposed several social, political and economic inequalities, revealing human rights violations, vulnerabilities and exclusion among marginalized communities. One of these groups was the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI+) people, particularly in countries where they suffer from political and social discrimination, leading them to situations of poverty and social, economic and labour exclusion (Krause,2021; Reid,2021).
The different effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on LGBTI+ people are explicit, in many countries, in their measures to flatten COVID-19 curves, especially where LGBTI+ people face social stigma (Reid,2021). For instance, LGBTQ youth are reported to suffer more at home with unsupportive relatives, which led to the creation of a palliative solution for their integration in an online platform to feel safe while at home (Fish et al.,2020). Unemployment also increased for LGBTI+ people during the pandemic (Konnoth,2020).
Although vulnerabilities and exclusion are pronounced during COVID-19, humanitarian efforts to support LGBTI+ people also emerged in several countries. Solidarity among civil society, grassroots organizations, social movements, NGOs and caritative organizations created initiatives to meet the basic needs of socially excluded people worldwide. Among these initiatives are financial support, distribution of basic hygiene products for LGBTI+ homeless, food supply, and welcoming houses for LGBTI+ people who were expelled from their homes or families.
Seeking a better understanding of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on LGBTI+ people worldwide, this panel provides a platform to discuss various types of interaction between civil society and government responses to LGBTI+ human rights. In this panel, our goal is to reflect upon the following research questions:
– What are the effects of COVID-19 on the human rights of LGBTI+ people worldwide?
– What are the responses developed to mitigate these effects?
We welcome theoretical and empirical analysis around the world covering topics such as (but not limited to):
– Health, social, economic and political effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on LGBTI+ people;
– Governmental and civil society actions to support LGBTI+ people to tackle the COVID-19 effects;
– Social innovation initiatives to respond to LGBTI+ human rights violation during COVID-19;
– The ways LGBTI+ human rights are promoted in countries with underdeveloped civil society.
Keywords: LGBTI+ People; Social and Economic Effects; Mitigating Measures; Public Policies; Social Innovation.